Peri-Urban Sanitation – Water Currents, June 11, 2019.
This issue of Water Currents highlights recent studies and resources on fecal sludge management, container-based sanitation, shared sanitation, and other topics. As noted in USAID’s Water and Development Plan included in the U.S. Global Water Strategy, separating individuals and communities from human waste, properly treating fecal waste, and promoting key behaviors that lessen the risk of illness are critical sanitation and hygiene interventions that reduce diarrheal disease, child mortality, malnutrition, neglected tropical diseases, and other waterborne illnesses, such as cholera.
The first six studies are from the Creating Demand for Peri-Urban Sanitation (SanDem) project, which aims to better understand how to improve the quality of peri-urban sanitation using demand-side/behavior change approaches in Lusaka, Zambia.
We would like to thank staff from Sanitation and Hygiene Applied Research for Equity (SHARE) for contributing content to this issue. SHARE generates evidence to improve policy and practice worldwide to achieve universal access to effective, sustainable, and equitable sanitation and hygiene.
Read the complete issue.
May 6, 2014 – IIED presents SHARE-funded City-Wide Sanitation Project findings at the 11th International Conference on Urban Health at the University of Manchester | Source: SHARE website
SHARE partner IIED presented its findings on the challenges and opportunities of different models for improving sanitation in deprived communities at the 11th International Conference on Urban Health at the University of Manchester.
The work presented was published last year in a paper entitled “Overcoming obstacles to community-driven sanitary improvement in deprived urban neighbourhoods: lessons from practice”. Sanitary improvement has historically been central to urban health improvement efforts. Low cost sanitation systems almost inevitably require some level of community management, and in deprived urban settlements there are good reasons for favouring community-led sanitary improvement.
It has been argued that community-led sanitary improvement also faces serious challenges, including those of getting local residents to act collectively, getting the appropriate public agencies to co-produce the improvements, finding improvements that are acceptable and affordable at scale, and preventing institutional problems outside of the water and sanitation sector (such as tenure or landlord-tenant problems) from undermining improvement efforts. This paper examines these sanitary challenges in selected cities where organizations of the urban poor are actively trying to step up their work on sanitary issues, and considers they can best be addressed.
More than 2 million people and over 740 schools in Africa are getting improved sanitation.
In a new five-year programme, development organisation Plan International will expand its existing self-help sanitation programme in six African countries (Sierra Leone, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya, Zambia and Malawi) and introduce it in two other countries (Ghana and Niger).
The programme aims to implement and promote the Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) approach as it was originally intended: the community is triggered to act by itself towards its development by stopping open defecation and improving hygiene behaviour. There are no toilet subsidies and no financial rewards for eliminating open defecation. Plan and its local partners will carry out CLTS activities in 805 rural communities. Adapted versions of the approach will be used in 36 peri-urban communities and 742 schools.
Besides implementing sanitation projects, the programme will also engage the private sector. It will support local small or medium entrepreneurs to market the construction and maintenance of sanitation facilities.
Another programme element involves setting up national and international CLTS networks. National sanitation networks will not only coordinate programme activities but also lobby for sanitation policies to include CLTS and its adapted approaches in urban areas and schools. The results of the programme will be disseminated, including feed-back to the communities. The IDS website www.communityledtotalsanitation.org is instrumental in the dissemination to the wider audience.
The “Empowering self-help sanitation of rural and peri-urban communities and schools in Africa” project started in December 2009 and runs until December 2014. Plan Netherlands, in collaboration with Plan’s two regional African offices, is the programme’s lead agency. The two other programme partners are the Institute of Development Studies (IDS) at the University of Sussex, UK and the IRC International Water and Sanitation based in The Netherlands. The total budget for the programme is € 8.4 million, half of which is provided as a grant by the Netherlands Directorate-General for International Cooperation (DGIS), one third are the estimated investments by the communities in their own development, and the remaining part comes via Plan Netherlands from fund raising activities by Dutch primary school children.
For more information read the programme’s executive summary
For more information on CLTS go to www.communityledsanitation.org
- Plan Nederland, Martin Keijzer, e-mail: Martin.Keijzer@plannederland.nl, www.plannederland.nl
- IDS, Robert Chambers, e-mail: R.Chambers@ids.ac.uk and Petra Bongartz, email: P.Bongartz@ids.ac.uk, www.communityledtotalsanitation.org
- IRC, Marielle Snel, email, email@example.com, www.irc.nl/sanitation
RTI International has been awarded a grant from the Taiwan Ministry of Foreign Affairs to implement a small project to address low-income urban sanitation conditions in one sub-district in Tangerang, Banten Province.
The program will work in partnership with an Indonesian non-profit organization and in collaboration with the Environmental Quality Protection Foundation (EQPF) of Taiwan to facilitate community-based planning and targeted infrastructure improvements in the selected community and school districts.
This program will build upon the good practices of a well-regarded Indonesian non-governmental organization, the Institute for Integrated Social and Economic Development, better known as BEST (Bina Ekonomi Sosial Terpadu). BEST, established in 1995, has a strong track record of sanitation programming in Tangerang, among other locations in the country.
Tangerang has a large population of urban migrant workers, living in densely populated and low-resourced urban areas. Urban infrastructure improvements and basic services have not kept pace with the rapid population growth. Many of the low-income labor force live in areas that are poorly served with water, improved sanitation or solid waste infrastructure and services.
RTI International a research institute with its headquarters in the USA and international offices in 7 other countries including Indonesia, South Africa and El Salvador. For more about RTI’s activities in water supply and sanitation see their brochure and list of international environmental projects.
Source: RTI, 13 May 2010
Women in Europe for a Common Future (WECF) has published a guidance paper on decentralised cost-effective wastewater systems that meet the requirements of the EU Urban Wastewater Treatment Directive at the conference. WECF presented the paper on 18 March 2010 at the Roundtable Dialogue on wastewater solutions for Bulgaria and Romania.
The paper provides some easy-to-understand guidance for decision makers, water operators and engineers on wastewater management in settlements and towns with up to 10,000 population equivalents (PE). In particular the paper discusses the advantages and drawbacks of non-conventional systems, decentralised and semi-centralised systems, ponds and constructed wetlands as well as innovative concepts also for settlements without reliable water supply.
The paper is available in English, Bulgarian and Romanian.
Read more on the Round Table
Source: WECF, 01 Apr 2010