Tag Archives: Peru

Peru: new standards for effluents are insufficient while coverage remains low – expert

The Peruvian environment ministry’s (Minam) new standards for wastewater effluents will have little impact given the country’s low wastewater treatment coverage, Laureano del Castillo, lawyer and hydrological expert with the national center for social studies (Cepes), told BNamericas.

“It’s a step forward, but we still have many problems in this area, mainly the low wastewater treatment coverage. There’s very little wastewater treatment,” del Castillo said.

Currently, Peru only treats 15% of its domestic wastewater. President Alan García aims to reach 100% wastewater treatment coverage by 2015, as part of the national development plan. However, industry insiders are skeptical of the government’s ability to do so.

“Part of the problem is that the previous water quality standards were set out under the 1969 water law, which was made when cities were much smaller and the use of water was less intensive,” del Castillo said.

The new standards, approved by Minam in March, regulate the biological oxygen demand (BOD) and the presence of chemicals in effluents produced by domestic and municipal wastewater treatment plants that end up in bodies of water. The new norms set a maximum BOD value of 100mg/l, chemical oxygen demand (COD) must be less than 200mg/l, total suspended solids (TSS) must be less than 150mg/l, and a maximum limit for fats and oils of 20mg/l.

Administrators of existing wastewater treatment plants without an environmental certificate will have a period of two years to present the housing and sanitation ministry with a plan to adjust the plants to comply with the new norms. Plants with environmental certificates will have three years to present their plans.
The new standards do not apply to plants that use advanced treatment or primary treatment with final disposal through a submarine outfall.

According to the new norms, wastewater treatment plant administrators are responsible for monitoring effluents and reporting levels to the housing and sanitation ministry in line with the latter’s monitoring program

Despite government efforts, most of the work to prevent the pollution of Peru’s water resources is carried out by large mining companies, according to del Castillo.

“There are a lot of complaints about contamination from mining, and I don’t deny that there is contamination, but we must recognize the mining industry is taking corrective action,” del Castillo said.

For Minam’s full decree outlining the new norms, in Spanish, go to this link.

Read the full interview with Laureano del Castillo [BNamericas.com subscribers only]

Source: Catherine Setterfield, BNamericas.com [subscription site], 01 Apr 2010 ; BNamericas.com, 22 Mar 2010

Peru: US$150,000 in microcredit provide sanitation access to thousands

The Creating Sanitation Markets or Alternative Pro-poor Sanitation Solutions (APSS) in Peru Initiative has reached a new milestone, allocating over US$150,000 in credit towards improved sanitation for people otherwise ineligible for commercial loans.

A recent Water and Sanitation Program (WSP) market research poll discovered many potential sanitation customers in Peru are ineligible for a sanitation credit since their income is above the limit to receive support from governmental programs, but below the expected salary to be eligible for a commercial loan (US$50 to US$170 per month). Recognizing the growing demand for sanitation products among these customers, small local businesses affiliated with the Initiative, such as hardware stores, have begun accepting payment in installments. This allows people who do not qualify for a loan, or who feel more confident dealing with their local storekeeper, to have a viable opportunity to invest in a new bathroom for their homes.

The local business owners assume the risk for the loan, which is provided to customers who have a working relationship with the business owner. Typically the loans do not bear interest or additional charges.

APSS is a public-private alliance headed by the Peruvian Government through the Vice Ministry of Construction and Sanitation of Peru (VMCS), Lima’s public water utility (SEDAPAL), the National Direction of Environmental Health (DIGESA) of the Ministry of Health, the World Bank, the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC), the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), the Americas Fund (FONDAM), the Ensemble Foundation and the Water and Sanitation Program (WSP) administrated by the World Bank (WSP). APSS is implementing in five pilot zones of Peru. These localities are representative of the diverse cultural, geographical and social conditions of the country: the urban marginal areas, rural areas, small towns; the coast, the highlands and the jungle regions.

Read a 2008 background paper on the APSS “Building inclusive sanitation markets for the poor” by Malva Rosa Baskovich.

Visit the Creating Sanitation Markets web site for more information.

Source: WSP Access, Dec 2009

Peru: Sedapal to raise water rates on industries that pollute

Peru’s state-owned water and sewerage utility Sedapal, serving capital Lima and neighboring Callao, will raise water rates on companies that pollute beginning in January 2010. The rate hike will apply to companies that dump toxic waste into the sewerage system, which leads to greater deterioration in the network.

The announcement was made by the president of national sanitation authority Sunass, José Salazar. In 2008, Sunass said various industries were increasing the rate of deterioration in the sewerage system, but their rates were the same as domestic customers.

In conjunction with the national industries association (SNI), Sunass has completed the design of the new tariff system which includes rate increases for companies that do not invest in improving their wastewater treatment. In addition, firms that contaminate more will pay more.

Sedapal must now implement the software necessary to start using the new system.

Local development bank Cofide will provide small and medium-sized companies with up to 50% of the investment needed to improve wastewater treatment.

Source: BNamericas.com [subscription site], 30 Sep 2009

Peru, Lima: using carbon bonds to finance wastewater treatment

The Andean Development Corporation (CAF) and Peru’s state water utility Sedapal have signed an agreement to start a pilot project at the Carapongo wastewater treatment plant, in Lima’s Ate Vitarte district. […] Sedapal has bought equipment to burn the methane gas that is produced at the facility. CAF will assist with studies related to the sale of carbon bonds, generated by the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. The entity will also try to identify potential buyers for the carbon bonds […] under the Kyoto Protocol’s clean development mechanism [CDM] or other markets for the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. The sale of carbon bonds would help to finance the project

Source: BNamericas [subscription site], 16 Apr 2009

Peru: sanitation – two out of three installations not used!

Such is the observation made by “Alternative Pro-poor Sanitation Solutions in Peru” (APSS), despite the numerous sanitation investments of the last few years for families, especially the poorest ones. The program supported by the Foundation Ensemble and undertaken in collaboration with the Water and Sanitation Program (WSP) begins with this fact to act simultaneously on supply and demand. On the one side, awareness actions are undertaken to explain the challenges and opportunities of sanitation, and stimulate demand. Access to credit is facilitated. On the other side, activities focus on developing the supply locally, engage institutions and suppliers, and provide them with the means of meeting the evolving demand. Overall, five pilot zones are being studied, and the results are already encouraging.

Find out more:

Source: Fondation Ensemble newsletter, no. 11, Apr 2009

Peru, Lima: Sedapal to build wastewater treatment plant for irrigation

Peru’s state water and sewerage utility Sedapal, serving Lima and neighboring Callao, will sign an agreement with the Pueblo Libre district to build a wastewater treatment plant [that will] irrigate the district’s green areas with treated water instead of polluted water from the Surco river.

“Pueblo Libre will be the first ecological district in the city and its parks and gardens will be 100% watered by treated water,” [utility president Guillermo León said].

Source: BNamericas [subscription site], 27 Jan 2009

PERUSAN 2008 “Proposals for Sustainable Sanitation” Launches

Approximately 1,200 people attended the opening ceremony of the First Peruvian Conference on Sanitation, PERUSAN 2008. The conference, “Proposals for Sustainable Sanitation,” is an initiative led by the Ministry of Housing, Construction, and Sanitation, the Ministry of Health, and the Ministry of the Environment. The international cooperation agencies forming part of the Grupo Agua support this initiative through proposals for specific sanitation activities.

Minister of Housing, Construction and Sanitation Enrique Cornejo, Environmental Minister Antonio Brack, and Health Minister Oscar Ugarte led the opening ceremony.

During the ceremony, the housing minister reported that US$2.5 billion had been invested in water and sanitation projects nationwide. “Sanitation means dignity for individuals and families,” he said.

PERUSAN 2008 was held in Lima from 25-27 November.

Official Conference Website

Source: WSP, 03 Dec 2008