WRC – REVIEW OF SANITATION POLICY AND PRACTICE IN SOUTH AFRICA FROM 2001-2008.
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Report to the Water Research Commission, 2010
A study conducted by DWAF (2005) to audit the sustainability of the sanitation projects implemented from 1994-2003 found that a significant number of these projects were not sustainable. This problem of poor sustainability could be due to a lack of common understanding and interpretation of the national sanitation policy by municipalities and other implementing agents.
The Water Research Commission initiated this study to examine the understanding and interpretation of the national sanitation policy and programme by municipalities and to identify aspects of the policy that were poorly understood and/or misinterpreted and to make recommendations for bridging the gap between policy and practice.
Dr. Yasmin Ali Haque, representative of the United Nation’s Children Fund (UNICEF) in Ghana, on Thursday urged government to formulate a comprehensive national sanitation policy.
She said this would ensure effective sanitation delivery for the attainment of the Millennium Development Goals on sanitation.
Dr. Haque made the call in Sunyani at the opening of the 2008 annual review and planning meeting of environmental health sanitation directorate of the Ministry of Local Government, Rural Development in Sunyani.
The two-day event was attended by regional environmental health officers, representatives of the Netherlands Embassy in Ghana, Water Aid Ghana, Ministry of Health and Coalition of non-governmental organisations (NGOs) among others.
Dr. Haque noted that Ghana was not on track to achieving the millennium development goals target for sanitation but development partners acknowledged the fact that sanitation improvement was an enormous task for developing country including Ghana.
She said “ In Ghana this task is even daunting as just 10 per cent of the population use improved sanitation facilities and when use of shared latrine facilities is added this increases to 51 per cent”.
BY KANDANI NGWIRA
Cabinet has finally nodded to the Sanitation Policy, a provision that would give the Ministry of Irrigation and Water Development enforcement mechanisms on sanitation especially in the provision of clean water to Malawians.(…)
“For example, a Multi-Indicator Cluster Survey by the National Statistical Office (NSO) in 2006 indicates that hand washing, probably the most effective and inexpensive way to prevent water-borne diseases, is done on a meagre 2 percent at a time here in Malawi,” she added. (…)
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Sanitation is one of the worst public services in Brazil. While 92.7% of homes have electricity and 75.2% have access to the water network, only 47% of households have sewage collection services.
Moreover, only one in three Brazilians have sewage collection and treatment services simultaneously.
Only 20% of sewage produced is treated, meaning the other 80% ends up in rivers, lakes, fountains and the ocean.
The statistics are from a study carried out by the Getúlio Vargas Foundation (FGV) at the request of the Intituto Trata Brasil (ITB), an NGO set up at the end of last year by companies interested in developing this sector.
To learn more about the sector, the consequences of low service coverage and possible solutions, BNamericas spoke with ITB executive director Raul Graça Couto Pinho.
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