Nearly 50% of the nearly 200mn inhabitants of Brazil do not have access to sewerage networks, according to sanitation sector experts at a seminar in capital Brasília.
In addition, only a third of the sewage in the country is adequately treated, according to Raul Pinho, president of the institute Trata Brasil, which specializes in basic sanitation. Pinho said it is “shameful” that Brazil is among the most backward nations in the world in this sector, paper Ultimo Segundo reported.
While the government has invested around US$5.7bn in sanitation works during the last three years, different studies from the private sector show that about US$254bn needs to be invested to guarantee sewerage networks for the whole population, the report said.
It is an agenda that goes beyond the present government, because what are missing are long-term policies, compatible with the growth of cities and the population, Pinho said.
Experts that participated at the seminar attributed illnesses such as diarrhoea to the lack of sanitation. This illness is responsible for the annual deaths of nearly 2,500 children under five years in Brazil.
Source: BNamericas. com [subscription site], 22 Oct 2009
Parliamwent has allowed the Government to borrow sh100b [US$ 52 million] for the Kampala Sanitation Program. The funds from the African Development Bank (AfDB) will be used to extend the sewerage network to serve at least 15% [the AfDB project description mentions 30%] of the city population from the current 7.5%, according to the committee on national economy.
The committee explained that funds will be used to rehabilitate and extend the existing 135km of sewerage pipelines in Kampala. Robert Sebunya, who presented the committee report, said: “A total of 30km of new sewer pipes will be laid, 10km unblocked, while 6.7km will be realigned.” He also added that some of the funds will be used to construct and operate the Nakivubo sewerage treatment works and construct a new plant.
The loan, to be managed by the National Water and Sewerage Corporation and KCC, will see the formation of water management units in each division of Kampala.
The committee noted that the improvements would curtail water and sanitation related diseases and contribute to environmental protection of Lake Victoria. MPs, however, expressed concern that due to the poor planning of the city, the sewer line was a waste of resources as it could not be accessed by many citizens.
Opposition leader Ogenga Latigo (FDC) […] advised that more funds be allocated to emptying septic tanks to reduce the spillage into under- ground water. Okello Okello (UPC) demanded that the Ministry of Water and Environment provides a detailed plan of how the money would be spent otherwise, the funds risked being spent in feasibility studies like the rest of the money borrowed by the Government.
Water and environment minister Maria Mutagamba assured the MPs that the money would be put to good use.
Source: Catherine Bekunda and Mary Karugaba, New Vision / allAfrica.com, 04 Oct 2009
Peru’s state-owned water and sewerage utility Sedapal, serving capital Lima and neighboring Callao, will raise water rates on companies that pollute beginning in January 2010. The rate hike will apply to companies that dump toxic waste into the sewerage system, which leads to greater deterioration in the network.
The announcement was made by the president of national sanitation authority Sunass, José Salazar. In 2008, Sunass said various industries were increasing the rate of deterioration in the sewerage system, but their rates were the same as domestic customers.
In conjunction with the national industries association (SNI), Sunass has completed the design of the new tariff system which includes rate increases for companies that do not invest in improving their wastewater treatment. In addition, firms that contaminate more will pay more.
Sedapal must now implement the software necessary to start using the new system.
Local development bank Cofide will provide small and medium-sized companies with up to 50% of the investment needed to improve wastewater treatment.
Source: BNamericas.com [subscription site], 30 Sep 2009
Around 1.5 million residents in Colombo, Sri Lanka’s economic and administrative center, will benefit from a large-scale wastewater management project funded by the Asian Development Bank (ADB).
ADB’s Board of Directors approved a $100-million loan package for the project, including $80 million from its ordinary capital resources (OCR) and $20 million from its concessional Asian Development Fund (ADF). The Sri Lanka Government will cover the remaining cost of $16.6 million.
The project has three components. The first involves the upgrading of sewerage infrastructure in Colombo. The second component will strengthen the capacity of the government and the municipal service provider, Colombo Municipal Council (CMC), to manage the assets and finances of the sector, monitor operations, ensure environmental regulatory compliance, and provide customer service. The last component will support project management and implementation.
Source: ADB, 29 Sep 2009
A total of 6.7bn reais (US$3.4bn) is needed to provide 100% sanitation coverage in the 12 Brazilian cities selected to host matches during the 2014 World Cup, according to a study requested by NGO Instituto Trata Brasil (ITB).
The study showed the cities of Belo Horizonte (Minas Gerais), São Paulo, Salvador (Bahia) and Rio de Janeiro have the highest number of people with sewage collection services with 97.1%, 88.5%, 87.8% and 83.7% respectively.
Brasília has 80.2% coverage, Curitiba (Paraná) 79.4% and Fortaleza (Ceará) 54.6%, an ITB release said.
Collection rates below 50% were reported in Porto Alegre (Rio Grande do Sul), Recife (Pernambuco) and Cuiabá (Mato Grosso) with 49.3%, 47.1% and 41.2% respectively. Manaus (Amazonas) and Natal (Rio Grande do Norte) came in with the lowest coverage of 35.0% and 21.3%.
The study was carried out by economic think tank Fundação Getúlio Vargas (FGV).
Source: BNamericas [subscription site], 07 Jul 2009
Thames Water has launched an information campaign after a survey revealed almost half of its customers flush unsuitable things down the loo.
The campaign ‘Bin it – don’t block it‘ is an attempt to stop what the firm calls ‘sewer abuse’ and follows research by the company into what people believe can be thrown down a toilet.
According to the survey 41% customers flush something they shouldn’t down toilets and one in four women wrongly think sanitary items can go down the u-bend. [So far in 2009, Thames Water] has had to deal with 55,000 blockages in London and the Thames Valley, resulting in flooding to 7000 homes and gardens.
“The majority of blockages are caused by sewer abuse, when things like cooking fat, sanitary products and wet wipes are wrongly put down toilets and drains, often causing misery for thousands of people because they block sewers, leading in some cases to waste backing up into people’s homes.
[Part of the problem is caused by] confusing and misleading product labelling which encourages customers to flush unsuitable items, including toddler wipes and sanitary items.
[…] As well as raising awareness, Thames Water is currently working with the water industry and with trade associations to implement long-term solutions.
Source: Luke Walsh, edie, 05 Aug 2009
Zimbabwe has activated its national disaster response agency, the Civil Protection Unit (CPU), to counter the spread of cholera. […] The CPU is usually deployed in the wake of national disasters, such as floods and droughts. [It had been] mandated to provide clean water [with assistance from UNICEF and WHO], even though this was the responsibility of the state-owned Zimbabwe National Water Authority (ZINWA).
[…] The capital, Harare, including its central business district, has been without piped water for the past four days, while sewer bursts are being left unrepaired. […] ZINWA confirmed that it has been pumping untreated sewage into Harare’s water supply dam, Lake Chivero.
[S]hallow wells people have dug to get to water when the taps stopped running are being decontaminated; refuse, which has not been collected this year, will now be collected, the CPU said.
Read more: IRIN, 05 Nov 2008