Despite the widespread implementation of Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) programs and many claims of success, there has been very little systematic investigation into their sustainability. A new study, which aims to change that, is creating a stir in the WASH sector.
A study commissioned by Plan International on the sustainability of CLTS programs in Africa revealed that 87% of the households still had a functioning latrine. This would indicate a remarkably low rate of reversion (13%) to open defecation (OD) or “slippage”.
However, if the criteria used to originally award open defecation free (ODF) status to villages are used, then the overall slippage rate increased dramatically to 92%. These criteria are:
- A functioning latrine with a superstructure
- A means of keeping flies from the pit (either water seal or lid)
- Absence of excreta in the vicinity of the house
- Hand washing facilities with water and soap or soap-substitute such as ash
- Evidence that the latrine and hand washing facilities were being used
Posted in Africa, Hygiene Promotion, Publications, Research, Sanitary Facilities
Tagged Community-Led Total Sanitation, Ethiopia, handwashing, Kenya, Plan International, Sierra Leone, slippage, Sustainability, Uganda
Adam Smith International are procuring for external evaluators (consultants or firm) to evaluate the Sierra Leone WASH Facility.
The Facility, which has a total budget of £5 million (US$ 8.4 million), is managed and administered by Adam Smith International, on behalf of DfID and the Government of Sierra Leone (particularly the Ministry of Water Resources, and Ministry of Health & Sanitation).
The evaluation covers the Facility mechanism itself, and its portfolio of 36 projects funded by small grants all less than £200,000 (US$ 330,000) each.
It is expected the evaluation will require approximately 60-80 days total level of effort. Organisations or individuals that have been financed by the WASH Facility cannot apply.
Deadline for applications: 6pm (GMT) 14th March 2014
For full details and application guidelines please consult the attached Terms of Reference.
Please do not send applications or requests for information to Sanitation Updates.
The African Ministers’ Council on Water (AMCOW) needs the services of a training service provider to carry out a sanitation and hygiene policy training. Focal persons in Burundi, Chad, Sierra Leone and Zimbabwe need to be brought up to speed on drawing up plans and strategies .
The aim of this small (20 days) but interesting assignment is to:
train the focal countries on the process of developing a policy document and costed implementation plans and strategies for ending open defecation in those countries, and how to operationalise them.
The assignment supports a US$ 2 million Gates Foundation funded policy and advocacy project being implemented by AMCOW .
Closing date for receipt of applications is March 7, 2014.
Read the full Terms of Reference.
Please do not submit applications or requests for information to Sanitation Updates.
210 million more Africans lack access to sanitation than in 1990 | Source: WaterAid-Feb 18, 2013
African Governments are failing to keep their funding promises on sanitation, a new WaterAid report has revealed. The report warns that unless investment is increased, the challenges of urbanisation, climate change and most critically population growth risk turning the clock back on sanitation access even further(1).
Kroo Bay slum in Freetown, Sierra Leone, 2012, during the worst cholera outbreak in nearly 15 years. Credit: Tommy Trenchard
From 1990 to 2010, the population of Sub-Saharan Africa grew by 340 million, however only 130 million people secured access to sanitation over the same period(2). In total nearly 600 million Sub-Saharan Africans – 70% of the population – are without access to a safe toilet(3).
The Keeping promises: why African leaders need now to deliver on their past water and sanitation commitments report uses official Government figures from five African Governments – Ghana, Niger, Sierra Leone, Rwanda and Uganda – to show that funding on sanitation is falling short of government commitments across the continent.
1,000th community declared “Open defecation free” in Sierra Leone
Pewama village in the Kenema District was recently officially counted as Sierra Leone’s 1,000th community to be declared “Open Defecation Free” (ODF). This means that each household now has access to their own latrines, hand washing facilities and other hygiene interventions without relying on financial and logistical support from government and development agencies.
The latrines are being built by villagers using locally produced materials such as mud bricks and Palm Fronds under the Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) programme.