Despite the widespread implementation of Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) programs and many claims of success, there has been very little systematic investigation into their sustainability. A new study, which aims to change that, is creating a stir in the WASH sector.
A study commissioned by Plan International on the sustainability of CLTS programs in Africa revealed that 87% of the households still had a functioning latrine. This would indicate a remarkably low rate of reversion (13%) to open defecation (OD) or “slippage”.
However, if the criteria used to originally award open defecation free (ODF) status to villages are used, then the overall slippage rate increased dramatically to 92%. These criteria are:
- A functioning latrine with a superstructure
- A means of keeping flies from the pit (either water seal or lid)
- Absence of excreta in the vicinity of the house
- Hand washing facilities with water and soap or soap-substitute such as ash
- Evidence that the latrine and hand washing facilities were being used
Posted in Africa, Hygiene Promotion, Publications, Research, Sanitary Facilities
Tagged Community-Led Total Sanitation, Ethiopia, handwashing, Kenya, Plan International, Sierra Leone, slippage, Sustainability, Uganda
Akvopedia has launched a new water and sanitation portal on sustainability. Developed by Akvo in collaboration with IRC International Water and Sanitation Centre, the portal provides simple outlines of sustainability frameworks, such as the IRC’s Triple-S framework, as well as the FIETS approach, which was developed by the Dutch WASH Alliance and takes into account five key areas of sustainability – financial, institutional, environmental, technical and social. These key areas have been chosen as the five pillars of the portal’s main page.
Web site: www.akvopedia.org/wiki/Sustainability_Portal
Mapping sustainability assessment tools to support sustainable water and sanitation service delivery, 2013.
Authors: Julia Boulenouar, Ryan Schweitzer and Harold Lockwood. Water Services That Last.
This paper reviews five different sustainability assessment tools that are currently in use for programme monitoring of WASH interventions. The selected tools all have a developed framework that has each been pilot tested and produces an objective and quantifiable output (e.g., final score or percentage) that can be used to trigger improvements to programme design or take remedial actions. The review team found a larger number of tools in circulation, but did not include those limited to one particular technology or to the organisational aspects of sustainability.
International H2O Collaboration
The USAID-Rotary International H2O Collaboration was launched in March 2009, and the first round of pilot projects were finalized in 2012 in the Dominican Republic, Ghana, and the Philippines. The central goal of this collaboration between Rotary International and USAID is to support water, sanitation, and hygiene initiatives that will have lasting impacts in target communities.The partnership between Rotary International and USAID is an official Global Development Alliance (GDA), which is an innovative public-private alliance model developed and used by USAID for improving social and economic conditions in developing countries.
One outcome of the Alliance is the publication of theSustainability Index Tool documents which are listed below:
- Sustainability Index of WASH Interventions: Global Findings and Lessons Learned. The Sustainability Index Tool, focuses on four critical areas that are known to be importance to the long-term sustainability of WASH interventions: institutional, management, financial, and technical factors. (Full text|pdf-1.27MB)
- Dominican Republic: Sustainability Index of WASH Activities. (Full text|pdf-2.51MB)
- Ghana: Sustainability Index of WASH Activities & Partnership Evaluation. (Full text|pdf-1.82MB)
- Philippines: Sustainability Index of WASH Activities & Alliance Evaluation. (Full text|pdf-1.59MB)
This issue contains notices of upcoming events and links to recent studies, reports, and blog posts on WASH sustainability. The IRC Water and Sanitation Center’s Triple-S project states that one out of three rural water supply systems in developing countries do not function at all or performs far below its promised level. There is no one-size fits-all sustainability model but organizations have identified a number of key actions or building blocks for sustainable service delivery.
March 11–12, 2013 – 2013 WASH Sustainability Forum. (Presentations)
The 2013 WASH Sustainability Forum was held at the World Bank in Washington, D.C., on March 11 & 12, 2013. This two-day event built on previous WASH sustainability forums held around the globe. The forum examined the role of collaboration, particularly with governments, in ensuring lasting WASH services. Presentations from this event are now available and a recording will be available soon.
April 9–11, 2013 – Monitoring Sustainable WASH Service Delivery Symposium, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. IRC International Water and Sanitation Centre. (Brochure)
The three-day symposium will shine the spotlight on six important and interrelated topics on monitoring WASH services.
Costing Sustainable Services Online Course Schedule 2013. IRC. (Link)
WASHCost offers a free online course for WASH sector professionals. The “Costing Sustainable Services” online course was developed to assist governments, NGOs, donors, and individuals to plan and budget for sustainable and equitable WASH services, using a life-cycle cost approach.