Tag Archives: UN-HABITAT

WSSCC’s Global Sanitation Fund programme in Nepal seeks sub-grantees

UN-Habitat, the Executing Agency for the Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council’s (WSSCC) Global Sanitation Fund (GSF) programme in Nepal, is now seeking expressions of interest for potential sub-grantees to carry out GSF work on the ground in the country.

UN-Habitat will implement the hygiene and sanitation programme in five districts: Arghakhanchi, Bajura, Bardiya, Sindhupalchowk and Sunsari, and in the municipalities of Dharan, Gularia, Inaruwa, Itahari and Tikapur.

Sub-grantees can be Non Governmental Organizations (NGOs), Community Based Organizations (CBOs), private firms and local government bodies.

Deadline: 28 January 2011

For more details read the full Call for Expression of Interest (EOI)

Related web site: WSSCC – Global Sanitation Fund

Please do not send EOIs or requests for information to Sanitation Updates

Nepal: opening of Urine Bank in Siddhipur

On Monday 17th of May 2010 the “Urine Bank” in Siddhipur, Nepal was inaugurated. The urine bank, which is a spin-off from the STruvite recovery from Urine in Nepal (STUN), is a pilot project aimed at increasing the re-use of nutrients from human urine. Source-separated urine is collected from households which don’t have a use for it and is sold for 1 Nepalese Rupee per litre to farmers who use it to fertilise their crops.

In Siddhipur about 100 Ecosan toilets have been installed by various NGOs; most of these are of a type that allows for separation of urine from faecal matter. Therefore approximately 35000 litres of urine are available for use as plant fertiliser annually. Various studies found however that a large percentage of the source-separated urine was never used, but leached into the ground instead. For this there were various reasons, the most important of which is that a lot of people don’t have fields close to their house, so they cannot very easily use the urine. In a bid to increase the re-use of nutrients the STUN project was set up in a collaboration between UN-HABITAT and EAWAG from Switzerland (www.eawag.ch/stun). The aim of the project is to precipitate Struvite (a phosphorus fertiliser) from the urine and then either use the effluent in drip irrigation or treat it so that it can be leached without causing ground or surface water pollution.

Dr. Roshan Shrestha (UN-Habitat) brought a donation of urine from his Ecosan house in Kathmandu. Photo. M. Zandee

The project found that though the precipitation process is simple and robust it could not be operated profitably if the urine has to be collected from many households. The main reason is that the process needs a magnesium source for the precipitation to happen, but currently there is no market for magnesium in Nepal and thus the price of the magnesium is too high locally. Further experiments with Struvite precipitation will be done at a school in Kathmandu where large amounts of urine are available in one spot.

During the project an increasing number of farmers in Siddhipur have started using urine as a fertiliser, because it yields good growth results while the crops require noticeably less chemical pesticides. As a result there is enough demand in the village for the urine and all of it will be used as long as it can be bought from a central point. In order to facilitate this a central collection tank has been installed, and a user committee has been established. For the collection the user committee employs one person equipped with a bicycle, and this collector is paid 50% of the revenue from the sales of the fertiliser. The remaining half is used to set up a maintenance fund.

The “P-cycle”. Photo: M. Zandee

As a result of the work of number of enthusiastic pioneering farmers and the effort of various NGOs, Siddhipur now sets an example of how to increase farm productivity and combat environmental degradation through a new view on human “waste”.

Tomatoes grown with urine fertiliser. Photo: M. Zandee

User committee invites the next speaker. Photo: M. Zandee

Text and pictures:

Marijn Zandee

Nepal: success of cholera mitigation campaign celebrated

The number of cholera cases in the Kathmandu Valley dropped drastically after a various intervention programmes, according to a study carried out by an NGO. The month-long Cholera Mitigation Campaign launched in September 2008, reduced the number cholera cases from 315 to zero. During the campaign 250 volunteers were engaged in awareness raising and chlorine distribution.

A special programme was organised to thank the volunteers involved in the campaign of the Ministry of Physical Planning and Works (MPPW) launched with support from UNICEF, UN-HABITAT Water for Asian Cities programme and some 25 local NGOs.

At the meeting, the Joint Secretary at the Ministry of Physical Planning and Works, Suman Sharma, told that the government is developing a strategy to prevent outbreaks of contagious diseases like diarrhoea and cholera in 2009.

Source: NGO Forum, 16 Dec and 17 Dec 2008

Nepal: cholera mitigation campaign launched

Kathmandu: Guthi, a non-governmental organisation, launched a cholera mitigation campaign with a slogan of ‘Build Good Habit, Drink Pure Water’ with the assistance of the Nepal government, UNICEF and UN-HABITAT. [The launch was held at the] Ganabahal unit of Nepal Red Cross Society.

According the figures from Valley-based hospitals, 4,000 people suffered from diarrhoea [in 2007]. Among them, 250 people suffered from cholera and five of them died. Most of the victims were children. In the current year, according to records of Teku Hospital, 200 people were found to have caught cholera.


The [campaign] organizers said they were going to set up mitigation camps at 75 places of Kathmandu Valley mobilizing their volunteers to distribute chlorine and raise awareness among the people about use of purified water at hotels, restaurants, schools and houses. At the programme, the organizers had exhibited the techniques of water purification, sanitation and management of household garbage.

Director of Guthi Anil Sthapit said, “We will go from door to door to make people aware about cholera and water purification technology.”

Source: NGO Forum, 05 Sep 2008

Call for Comments: Sanitation – A human rights imperative

COHRE, WaterAid, UN-HABITAT and the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC) are collaborating on a publication that discusses definitions, the legal basis and standards for the right to sanitation. The publication clarifies the benefits of using rights based principles in addressing the sanitation crisis and outlines priorities for governments, international organisations and civil society in implementing the right to sanitation. A final draft is available for review at www.cohre.org/sanitation. Please send any comments and feedback to virginia@cohre.org by 15th June 2008.

Read more COHRE