Tag Archives: USAID

World Toilet Day 2017: Q&A with USAID Sanitation Expert Jesse Shapiro

World Toilet Day 2017: Q&A with USAID Sanitation Expert Jesse Shapiro. Global Waters, November 15, 2017.

Jesse Shapiro is the Environmental Health Team Lead, Senior Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) Advisor, and Sanitation Focal Point at USAID based in the Global Health Bureau.

Jesse Shapiro observes a life-size game of chutes and ladders, which illustrates the perils of poor sanitation and hygiene behaviors, on a field visit to an informal neighborhood in Delhi, India. Photo Credit: USAID

Jesse Shapiro observes a life-size game of chutes and ladders, which illustrates the perils of poor sanitation and hygiene behaviors, on a field visit to an informal neighborhood in Delhi, India. Photo Credit: USAID

He provides WASH technical support to USAID missions in Africa and South East Asia with a focus on new project development and an increased emphasis on sanitation programming. He has an MS in civil engineering and spent seven years in East Timor and the Marshall Islands working with governments on sanitation.

Sanitation is one the most basic human needs, and there is no end to its impact on people’s daily lives in preventing disease and preserving dignity.”

Read the complete article.

 

USAID announces the release of the US Global Water Strategy

Global Water Strategy to Create a More Water-Secure World

The U.S. Department of State and the U.S. Agency for International Development recently published the U.S. government’s Global Water Strategy.

Photo Credit: Bobby Neptune Photography

Photo Credit: Bobby Neptune Photography

The Global Water Strategy envisions a water-secure world, where people and nations have the water they need to be healthy, prosperous, and resilient.

To advance the Strategy, the U.S. government will work with partner countries and key stakeholders to achieve four interrelated objectives: 1) increasing access to sustainable safe drinking water and sanitation services, and promoting hygiene; 2) protecting freshwater resources; 3) promoting cooperation on shared waters; and 4) strengthening water governance and financing.

The U.S. government’s efforts will focus on countries and regions where needs and opportunities are greatest and where engagement can best protect our national security interests.

The U.S. Global Water Strategy is required by the Senator Paul Simon Water for the World Act of 2014.

For a copy of the U.S. Global Water Strategy and information on priority countries, please visit USAID.gov.

The ABC of WASH in Schools in India

ABC of WASH in Schools“The ABC of water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) improvement in schools” in India by the the Urban Management Centre is a handbook developed under the Ahmedabad Sanitation Action Lab (ASAL), a three year action research program.

The program was specially designed to implement innovative solutions to school WASH  problems in identified slum settlements of Ahmedabad. ASAL was led by the Urban Management Centre (UMC) in partnership with Government of Gujarat (GoG) and the Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation (AMC) with support from United States Agency for International Development (USAID).

The handbook is a compilation of the strategies adopted, tools developed and materials used to improve WASH infrastructure in schools. It will be useful for schools as well as NGOs working with schools on water and sanitation. It can be used by any authority whether national, state or city level as a resource for implementation of programs in school at different scales. The handbook can also be used as a reference for policy or decision making as well as elaboration of programs.

Download the publicationThe ABC of water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) improvement in schools“, September 2017, 54 p.

See the full list of reports, tools, manuals and videos of the Ahmedabad Sanitation Action Lab (ASAL) programme.

State of Urban Water and Sanitation in India – USAID

State of Urban Water and Sanitation in India. USAID, October 2017.

The State of Urban Water and Sanitation in India report emerges from a three-year (2014-2017) collaborative program funded by the USAID and undertaken by TERI University, Coca-Cola and TERI on ‘Strengthening Water and Sanitation in Urban Settings of India’ and encapsulates the journey India has undertaken in the urban water and sanitation sector. urban.png

The report aims to be a comprehensive collection and analysis of past and current policies and programmes and provides insights into the reasons for several gaps that become apparent when the sector is viewed holistically.

Contents:

  • Executive Summary
  • Chapter One: Introduction

Section A – Policies

  • Chapter Two: Assessment of National-level Policies and Programmes in India’s Urban Water and Sanitation Sectors
  • Chapter Three: Regional Assessment of Urban Water and Sanitation Policies and Programmes

Section B – Progress

  • Chapter Four: Living Without Sanitation Choices in Urban Slums
  • Chapter Five: Analysis of City-level Sanitation Scenario
  • Chapter Six: Three Years of Urban Sanitation under Swachh Bharat Mission
  • Chapter Seven: The Sanitation Value Chain: Missing Links and the Way Forward for Urban India

Section C – Possible Solutions

  • Chapter Eight: The Need of the Hour: Leveraging Corporate Engagement for Urban Sanitation
  • Chapter Nine: Drinking Water Supply for Urban Poor: Role of Urban Small Water Enterprises
  • Chapter Ten: Financing Options for Urban Sanitation in India
  • Chapter Eleven: Recommendations

What’s New on Globalwaters.org? Stockholm Recap and More

What’s New on Globalwaters.org? Stockholm Recap and More. Global Waters, September 25, 2017.

USAID and its water sector partners spent the last week of August with other experts, practitioners, and policymakers at World Water Week in Stockholm. This year the Stockholm International Water Institute agenda focused on reducing and reusing water and waste in recognition of the vital roles that water use efficiency, wastewater treatment, conservation, and water recycling play in bolstering water security throughout the world.

Tapping capital markets to finance WASH investments. Photo Credit: Stockholm International Water Institute

Tapping capital markets to finance WASH investments. Photo Credit: Stockholm International Water Institute

In addition to presenting at eight different events on topics ranging from sewer connectivity and fecal sludge management in the Latin America and Caribbean region to building Africa’s leadership in sanitation, Agency representatives and partners took the time to observe, discuss, and provide highlights of their sessions and impressions of others. USAID’s Deputy Assistant Administrator and Acting Global Water Coordinator James Peters was on hand to provide opening remarks at five of those USAID sessions.

Read the complete article.

What We’re Learning: Long-Term Outcomes of USAID’s Water and Sanitation Efforts

What We’re Learning: Long-Term Outcomes of USAID’s Water and Sanitation Efforts. by Globalwaters.org, September 2017.

Authors: Annette Fay, Water Communications and Knowledge Management Project monitoring and evaluation specialist and lead researcher for the evaluation series, and Elizabeth Jordan, USAID water and sanitation specialist.globalwaters2

To better understand the long-term impact and sustainability of its interventions, the USAID Water Office is conducting a series of independent ex-post evaluations of the Agency’s water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) activities to inform future USAID investments in the sector.

This evaluation series will help USAID understand whether and how its activity results have been sustained years after projects close. All activities included in the series must have been closed for a minimum of three years and could not be recipients of Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance or Food for Peace funding. Preference is given to USAID missions that are at a point in their design cycle to incorporate learnings into upcoming WASH programs.

This evaluation series builds upon USAID and Rotary International’s WASH Sustainability Index Tool, which is a framework to assess a WASH activity’s likelihood to be sustainable according to five factors: availability of finance for sanitation, local capacity for construction and maintenance of latrines, the influence of social norms, and governance.

In September 2016, the first evaluation in this series studied the Madagascar Rural Access to New Opportunities for Health and Prosperity (RANO-HP) activity.

What We Did

RANO-HP, implemented by a consortium led by Catholic Relief Services from 2009 to 2013, aimed to increase sustainable access to safe water supply, improve sanitation coverage, and expand hygiene practices.

This evaluation of RANO-HP focused on the sustainability of the activity’s sanitation and hygiene components, which included community-led total sanitation (CLTS), behavior change messaging, public WASH “monoblocks” (combined public water point, latrine, shower and laundry station) managed via public-private partnerships, commune-level water and sanitation business plans, village savings and loans associations (VSLAs), and microfinance products for sanitation investments. Through household survey and interviews with beneficiaries the evaluation team explored barriers and facilitators of sustainability.

Read the complete article.

USAID participation at World Water Week 2017

Are You Heading to Stockholm for World Water Week 2017?

It’s that time of the year: World Water Week kicks off in Stockholm on August 27th!

This year World Water Week will focus on “water and waste: reduce and reuse,” in recognition of the vital roles that water use efficiency, wastewater treatment, conservation, and water recycling play in bolstering water security throughout the world. usaidlogo

We hope you will join USAID and its partners for the following World Water Week events:

Monday, August 28th

Tuesday, August 29th

Wednesday, August 30th

Thursday, August 31st

Whether you plan on attending World Water Week in person or following events from afar, stay tuned to @USAIDWater for the latest updates from Stockholm, and join the conversation online using the hashtag #WWWeek.

Global Waters: Reducing the Drip of Irrigation Energy Costs

Reducing the Drip of Irrigation Energy Costs. Global Waters, July 18, 2017.

Throughout the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region, fresh water is being consumed faster than it is being replenished.

Irrigation accounts for most of this use. Unlike traditional flood-style or rain-fed irrigation, drip irrigation delivers controlled amounts of water directly to each plant through a series of tubes and emitters.

An MIT drip emitter, capable of operating at one-seventh the pressure and using half the energy of conventional drip systems. Photo Credit: MIT GEAR Lab

An MIT drip emitter, capable of operating at one-seventh the pressure and using half the energy of conventional drip systems. Photo Credit: MIT GEAR Lab

This can reduce agricultural water consumption by 30 to 60 percent and increase crop yields by 20 to 50 percent, yet only 27 percent of the irrigated cropland in MENA countries uses the technology.

For the small-scale farmers who make up the bulk of agricultural producers in the MENA region, the cost of a drip system and the cost to run it are often barriers to making the shift from traditional to drip irrigation.

A new USAID partnership is working to bring down these costs for farmers.

Read the complete article.

Launch of the USAID Global Waters website

Introducing Globalwaters.org , a global knowledge resource for partners, USAID staff, and the broader community working in the international development water sector.

Supported by the USAID Water Office, this site aims to connect people to the right resources and ideas to help solve global water and sanitation challenges, as USAID and its partners work toward a healthier and more secure future for all. usaidlogo

Please check out the site and read our companion article that provides an overview of the website’s features.

We welcome your feedback .

We are always looking for new material to post on Globalwaters.org and would be happy to promote your water-related content, including events, blogs, reports, toolkits, and webinars. Feel free to reach out and suggest new material .

USAID Afghanistan – Jobs Creation Program (AJCP) with WASH component

USAID Afghanistan – Jobs Creation Program (AJCP) with WASH component, June 19, 2017

As the economy grows and expands, providing access to potable water and the adoption of badly needed phytosanitary standards can begin to be instituted which will benefit multiple industry and service sectors. usaidlogo

Further, safe, clean water and sanitary facilities are critical to value chain development as well as conducting commerce in high population urban and peri-urban areas.

As the Afghan workforce becomes better educated as a result of workplace interventions and education on standards for proper sanitation and hygiene practices, the households and ultimately communities will respond by adopting new and sustained hygienic practices. These practices will help reduce wide-spread disease, diminishing workplace absenteeism and ensure a healthy and capable workforce.

The WASH supply and value chain will benefit from and contribute to the growth of new employment opportunities and make major contributions to these value chains that rely on clean water, hygienic conditions and sanitary environments to achieve value chain development are met.

Through this APS, USAID aims to promote wider adoption of improved sanitation facilities within households, workplaces, and other private sector facilities and encourage new and innovative WASH technology utilization. These initiatives help support ‘best of class’ business practices that demand adoption of international standards, including hygienic business practices, especially where high-value fruits and vegetables enter the global food chain.

Funding for drinking water and sanitation value chains will contribute to the growth of new employment opportunities among local MSMEs. Through this APS, USAID particularly aims to develop domestic markets for improved sanitation facilities within households, workplaces, and other private sector facilities.