Recent sanitation/WASH studies

UNICEF-WHO-The World Bank Group: Joint Child Malnutrition Estimates – Levels and Trends: Key Findings of the 2016 Edition . UNICEF ; WHO , September 2016. This report gives new estimates of child stunting, overweight, underweight, wasting, and severe wasting. Malnutrition rates remain alarming: stunting is declining too slowly while overweight continues to rise.

Increasing Block Tariffs: WASH Policy Research Digest #5 . UNC Water Institute , December 2016. This is a detailed review of a recent publication : Increasing Block Tariffs Perform Poorly at Targeting Subsidies to the Poor . It includes a literature review on increasing block tariffs and subsidy targeting.

Risk Management for Drinking Water Safety in Low and Middle Income Countries: Cultural Influences on Water Safety Plan (WSP) Implementation in Urban Water Utilities . Science of the Total Environment , January 2017. Few researchers have considered cultural influences on WSP implementation. A thematic analysis of three WSP pilots in India, Uganda, and Jamaica elicited the views of WSP implementers, promoters, and customers. Twelve cultural themes emerged that enable, limit, or are neutral to WSP implementation.

Papua New Guinea (PNG): Rural WASH Sustainability Study . Water and Sanitation Program , 2016. The purpose of this study was to gather evidence about the sustainability of rural WASH activities in PNG. The objectives were to identify and develop practical approaches to improve both the sustainability and equitable delivery of rural water supply and sanitation schemes and make recommendations on the potential for information communication technology (monitoring systems for rural water supply).

Real-Time Learning and Documentation in the Cambodia Rural Sanitation and Hygiene Improvement Program (CRSHIP) . Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council , November 2016. The Cambodia Rural Sanitation and Hygiene Improvement Program aims to increase access to safe sanitation and promote the sustainable practice of key sanitation and hygiene behaviors in rural Cambodia. This video explains how the project’s learning and documentation component helps solve complex project implementation issues.

Review of Self-Supply and its Support Services in African Countries: Synthesis Report . Skat Foundation , April 2016. Supported self-supply of rural water supplies is a very cost-effective service delivery approach, which is complementary to communal supplies and aligned with human rights principles, supports equity and inclusiveness, and achieves several SDGs. This synthesis report summarizes the results of a UNICEF-funded review of supported self-supply in Zambia and Zimbabwe that was conducted in 2015.

Burden of Diarrhea in the Eastern Mediterranean Region, 1990–2013: Findings from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013 . American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene , December 2016. The results highlighted a highly inequitable burden of diarrheal diseases, mainly driven by the lack of access to proper resources such as water and sanitation. These findings will guide prevention and treatment interventions that are based on evidence with the ultimate goal of reducing the diarrheal disease burden.

Financing Options for the 2030 Water Agenda . The World Bank , November 2016. A new sector financing paradigm is required based on four broad themes. The sector has to realign itself around actions that: improve sector governance and efficiency (i.e., improving creditworthiness); crowd in or blend private finance (i.e., leveraging capital); allocate sector resources more effectively to deliver the maximum benefit for every dollar invested (i.e., targeting capital); and improve sector capital planning to reduce unit capital costs.

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