USAID Afghanistan – Jobs Creation Program (AJCP) with WASH component

USAID Afghanistan – Jobs Creation Program (AJCP) with WASH component, June 19, 2017

As the economy grows and expands, providing access to potable water and the adoption of badly needed phytosanitary standards can begin to be instituted which will benefit multiple industry and service sectors. usaidlogo

Further, safe, clean water and sanitary facilities are critical to value chain development as well as conducting commerce in high population urban and peri-urban areas.

As the Afghan workforce becomes better educated as a result of workplace interventions and education on standards for proper sanitation and hygiene practices, the households and ultimately communities will respond by adopting new and sustained hygienic practices. These practices will help reduce wide-spread disease, diminishing workplace absenteeism and ensure a healthy and capable workforce.

The WASH supply and value chain will benefit from and contribute to the growth of new employment opportunities and make major contributions to these value chains that rely on clean water, hygienic conditions and sanitary environments to achieve value chain development are met.

Through this APS, USAID aims to promote wider adoption of improved sanitation facilities within households, workplaces, and other private sector facilities and encourage new and innovative WASH technology utilization. These initiatives help support ‘best of class’ business practices that demand adoption of international standards, including hygienic business practices, especially where high-value fruits and vegetables enter the global food chain.

Funding for drinking water and sanitation value chains will contribute to the growth of new employment opportunities among local MSMEs. Through this APS, USAID particularly aims to develop domestic markets for improved sanitation facilities within households, workplaces, and other private sector facilities.

How can a program design rural sanitation financial support to reach the most disadvantaged? (Webinar)

How can a program design rural sanitation financial support to reach the most disadvantaged? (Webinar)

Hosted by the Cambodian Rural Sanitation and Hygiene Sub-Group (RuSH), this interactive webinar will discuss how different programs have tried to design rural sanitation subsidies to reach the poorest.

Examples will be shared from India, Bangladesh, Vietnam and Cambodia. Rapid presentations will be followed by discussion questions and polls for participants to share their rural sanitation knowledge with others.

The World Bank, USAID, UNICEF and SuSanA are hosting this webinar to present and discuss an emerging rural sanitation challenge. The main audience for the webinar is government staff and others working in countries with high rates of open defecation and unhygienic sanitation who want to learn more about how to reach the Sustainable Development Goals.

June 29th 2017 –  8pm Manila | 3pm Nairobi | 1pm Lagos & London | 8am NYC | 7am Lima

Register for this free webinar

 

Kenya is promising free sanitary napkins to help keep girls in school

Kenya is promising free sanitary napkins to help keep girls in school. Quartz, June 2017.

Kenya’s president has promised to give all school girls free sanitary napkins. Less than two months before Kenyans go to the polls, president Uhuru Kenyatta signed the Basic Education Amendment Act which compels the government to provide “free, sufficient and quality sanitary towels to every girl child registered and enrolled in a public basic education institution.”

kenya

School for everyone. (Reuters/Thomas Mukoya)

One in 10 girls on the continent misses school during her period, according the United Nations education agency. In Kenya, one of the biggest obstacles for girls attending schools is a lack of sanitary napkins, often too expensive for families to afford. Kenya’s ministry of education estimates that girls who stay home while they are menstruating lose six weeks of schooling a year.

Read the complete article.

Bioloos: Helping Achieve the Goal of Water and Sanitation for All

Bioloos: Helping Achieve the Goal of Water and Sanitation for All. UN Foundation, June 13, 2017.

By Sanjay Banka, Managing Director of Banka BioLoo and a Steering Committee Member for Sanitation and Water for All school-bioloos

An excerpt: In most of Asia and Africa, basic water and sanitation services are provided by small and medium businesses, also referred to as social enterprises, as they help solve a crucial social problem.

India-based Banka BioLoo made a commitment to provide affordable and sustainable sanitation through Every Woman Every Child. The company has been relentlessly working to attain SDG 6 by collaborating with government bodies, Indian Railways, state-owned enterprises, public sector undertakings, publicly-listed and private companies, foundations, non-profit organizations, and construction, infrastructure, and plantation companies to provide sustainable bioloos in communities, schools, homes, institutes, offices, hotels, hospitals and health care facilities, work sites such as manufacturing facilities, factories, mines, and of course in trains.

Banka BioLoo’s solutions help:

  • Meet the need for basic, easy-to-install, and hygienic human waste disposal mechanisms in areas with no current infrastructure facilities; and
  • Address the need for a cheaper and easy-to-operate alternative to the traditional waste disposal system.

The bioloo – a simple toilet shelter attached to a small bio-digester tank with bacteria placed in it – treats the human waste at source. There is no need to transport the waste, no spoiling of the environment or groundwater, and no need for energy nor heavy infrastructure.

On the contrary, the system gives pathogen-free water that can be used for gardening and agriculture. For larger systems, biogas can be collected and used for heating and cooking. Bioloos can be installed anywhere – across terrains, in remote and hilly areas, and in hot and cold regions. The bio-toilet system disposes human waste in a 100% eco-friendly manner – saving energy, conserving water, and producing bio-gas.

Read the complete article.

Recent WASH research

Reports

Global status report on water safety plans: A review of proactive risk assessment and risk management practices to ensure the safety of drinking-water. WHO, June 2017. Based on information gathered from 118 countries representing every region of the globe, this report provides a picture of WSP uptake worldwide.

Incorporating the life cycle approach into WASH policies and programmes: A systematic review. 3ieimpact, 2017. This systematic review assesses the extent to which WASH policies, programmes and projects in eleven priority countries have been inclusive of different population segments during the MDG period.

Journal articles

Effect of community health clubs on child diarrhoea in western Rwanda: cluster-randomised controlled trial. Lancet Global Health, June 2017. Community health clubs, in this setting in western Rwanda, had no effect on caregiver-reported diarrhoea among children younger than 5 years.

Is there a difference in prevalence of helminths between households using ecological sanitation and those using traditional pit latrines? A latrine based cross sectional comparative study in Malawi. BMC Research Notes, June 2017. There was no significant difference between overall prevalence of helminths between households using EcoSan and those using traditional pit latrines. However, Ascaris lumbricoides was significantly higher in households using EcoSan latrines.

A methodologic framework for modeling and assessing biomarkers of environmental enteropathy as predictors of growth in infants: an example from a Peruvian birth cohort. AJCN, June 2017. Of the 3 fecal biomarkers studied, 2 that related to intestinal function—AAT and myeloperoxidase—were associatedwith small but highly statistically significant differences in future statural growth trajectories in infants.

Trends of improved water and sanitation coverage around the globe between 1990 and 2010: inequality among countries and performance of official development assistance. Global Health Action, June 12, 2017.

Challenges in developing methods for quantifying the effects of weather and climate on water-associated diseases: A systematic review. PLoS NTDs, June 12, 2017.

Estimation of packaged water consumption and associated plastic waste production from household budget surveys.  Environ. Res. Lett., at press

A pilot-scale microwave technology for sludge sanitization and drying. Science of The Total Environment, December 2017.

Behavioral influences on risk of exposure to fecal contamination in low-resource neighborhoods in Accra, Ghana. Journal of Water and Health, June 2017.

Freddy the Fly – an animated video about a community’s journey to ODF status

Meet Freddy, a fly who loves toilet fondue! Find out what happens to him when the village he lives in is triggered into cleaning up their act to become open defecation free (ODF). Please share this video widely and use Freddy to illustrate how behaviour change methods, including Community-Led Total Sanitation, work to help communities become healthier and more productive. And join the ODF movement at wsscc.org!

Water and Sanitation Services: Rural or Urban Haiti First?

Water and Sanitation Services: Rural or Urban Haiti First? Huffington Post, June 16, 2017.

Low coverage rates for clean water and sanitation leave Haiti exposed to significant health burdens. According to the latest estimates, 72% of Haiti’s population lack access to improved sanitation facilities and use either shared facilities, other improved facilities, or defecate in the open. 

Faucets

Source: pexels.com

 

In urban areas, 66% of the population lacks access to improved facilities while in rural areas, 81% of the total population lacks access to improved facilities.

Between 2,000 and 4,500 people die each year from diarrheal disease. And the lack of basic water and sanitation services has contributed to the spread of waterborne diseases, including the cholera outbreak introduced by U.N. peacekeeping troops in 2010.

Better water and sanitation services would make it harder for such diseases to spread. But here, as in every other policy area, Haiti faces options.

Examining competing policy options is the purpose of the Haiti Priorise research project. More than 50 economists have written new research papers studying the costs and benefits of different proposals to improve the nation’s environmental, economic, and social conditions.

Read the complete article.