- Re: Innovations and Private Sector: Can They Solve the Sanitation Problem? - by: ggalli February 8, 2016Dear all, Thank you for this very interesting discussion. It is a topic I also often have critical thoughts on. I would like to respond by pointing out one thing: we should not conflate the 'private sector' with 'technological innovations'. If you ask me: should the private sector play a role in sanitation? I would say yes! But the questi […]
- Re: Innovations and Private Sector: Can They Solve the Sanitation Problem? - by: JKMakowka February 8, 2016I guess I speak for many when I say the "reinvent the toilet" drive has been a big disappointment so far. Not that there aren't cool projects among them, but nearly all of them seem so far removed from the daily realities of the people those sanitation problems are meant to be addressed... I get (and like) the idea of relatively randomly fundi […]
- Re: Sanitation Product Development for Sub-Saharan Africa - affordable, aspirational latrine products, SaTo (American Standard Brands, USA and Water for People) - by: canaday February 8, 2016Dear Jim, How are things going with the SaTo pour-flush squat pan? Has anyone tried SaTo pans in ArborLoos? I am advising on a project for 250 persons in a periurban/rural area on a far-flung Indonesian island, which seems like a great location for such a trial, as there is no flooding and the soil seems dry and absorbent, plus the users are squatters and wa […]
- Re: Monitoring Behaviour Change and Improved Health Outcomes through the Community Hygiene Club Methodology in Rwanda (Ministry of Health in Rwanda) - by: muench February 8, 2016Dear Juliet, Thanks very much for your frank and honest answers to Caitlin's questions! Like Caitlin, I had also wondered: Why is the CHC (community health club) concept not better known yet? (Hah - maybe it's time to do up a Wikipedia page about it?? What do you think?) Is Africa AHEAD the only organisation spear heading it, has your organisation […]
- Re: Fertiliser qualities of excreta products from UDDTs compared to vermicompost digester - by: bsoutherland February 8, 2016To make biochar, I use a horizontal retort barrel with an insulated lid resting within a larger horizontal barrel with ashes between for insulation. The retort is fired via a horizontal flue pipe that passes from the outside through the inner retort running along the bottom then bending 90 degrees to exit vertically near the insulated lid. A start up fire is […]
- Re: Innovations and Private Sector: Can They Solve the Sanitation Problem? - by: ggalli February 8, 2016
- Bum deal: is access to a toilet a human right or a privilege? January 29, 2016Adequate sanitation is a human right, recognised by the UN.petra
- Rural Indore free from open defecation January 26, 2016Whistle-blower kids have done it for Indore district.petra
- Swachh Bharat campaign: More money down the drain? December 11, 2015Subsidy-driven Swachh Bharat is a failed, old idea. What is needed to stop open defecation is a community-driven approach that has worked wonders in Bangladesh.petra
- Webinar on Engaging Local Actors in Sanitation Behavior Change: Case Studies of CLTS (Plan/UNC) December 9, 2015Join UNC and Plan for a webinar on Thursday, December 17th from 10:00 – 11:00 am (EST) as they shpetra
- CLTS Sharing and Learning workshop at SACOSAN VI in Dhaka December 8, 2015On Sunday 10th January 2016, the CLTS Knowledge Hub at IDS, UNICEF and WSSCC are co-convening a CLTS Sharing and Learning Workshop as part of the SACOSAN VI Conference in Dhaka, Bangladesh.petra
- Bum deal: is access to a toilet a human right or a privilege? January 29, 2016
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Tag Archives: Kenya
Achievements and constraints of public finance for water and sanitation in Kenya. Interview with Samson Shivaji, CEO of KEWASNET
EXCLUSIVE INTERVIEW! Samson Shivaji is CEO of KEWASNET (the Kenya Water and Sanitation Civil Society Network), and the Kenyan Civil Society Organisation (CSO) Focal Person within the Sanitation and Water for All (SWA) platform. In this exclusive interview for PF4WASH, Mr. Shivaji responds to a series of questions about the need for increased public finance of sanitation in Kenya.
Factors Associated With Pupil Toilet Use in Kenyan Primary Schools. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health, 2014, 11(9), 9694-9711; doi:10.3390/ijerph110909694
Joshua V. Garn, Bethany A. Caruso, et al.
The purpose of this study was to quantify how school sanitation conditions are associated with pupils’ use of sanitation facilities. We conducted a longitudinal assessment in 60 primary schools in Nyanza Province, Kenya, using structured observations to measure facility conditions and pupils’ use at specific facilities. We used multivariable mixed regression models to characterize how pupil to toilet ratio was associated with toilet use at the school-level and also how facility conditions were associated with pupils’ use at specific facilities.
We found a piecewise linear relationship between decreasing pupil to toilet ratio and increasing pupil toilet use (p < 0.01). Our data also revealed significant associations between toilet use and newer facility age (p < 0.01), facility type (p < 0.01), and the number of toilets in a facility (p < 0.01). We found some evidence suggesting facility dirtiness may deter girls from use (p = 0.06), but not boys (p = 0.98).
Our study is the first to rigorously quantify many of these relationships, and provides insight into the complexity of factors affecting pupil toilet use patterns, potentially leading to a better allocation of resources for school sanitation, and to improved health and educational outcomes for children.
Below are updates from Sanivation, check out the latest newsletter for more information on Sanivation projects and activities.
One thing we believe in our bones is the customer is king. Over the past couple months, we have been sharing meals, asking questions, and collecting feedback from customers on both toilets and fuel. We have captured some inspiring quotes and wanted to share them with you. This month we will be introducing each short update in this newsletter with a quote from one of our customers.
Learnings from Kakuma: “Two people came and commented positively on my new latrine. One person came, a Somali lady, and asked me if I could sell it to her.”
We’re currently processing (and soon to be publishing!) all of our learnings from Kakuma. From initial glances, the refugees were not only were satisfied but became promoters of the approach.After an initial review of feedback, we found that the refugees were not only satisfied but also became promoters of the approach. Already, one of our big lessons has been in the power of instituting quick feedback loops and a customer service approach to toilets. We feel honored to have worked with such great partners and are looking forward to continuing work with UNHCR, NRC, and CDC on how to bring this approach to even more refugees. The US Embassy Nairobi made an awesome video of our work. Check it out!
Kenya – Ministry alarmed by ‘long calls’ along highways, to build toilets along Nairobi-Nakuru highway
Kenya – Ministry alarmed by ‘long calls’ along highways, to build toilets along Nairobi-Nakuru highway | Source: by Antony Gitonga, Standard Digital, Aug 8, 2014 |
NAKURU COUNTY: The ministry of health has expressed its concern over the high number of people who defecate in the open mainly along the main highways in the country. Following the revelation, Nakuru County has announced plans in major centres along the Nairobi-Nakuru and Naivasha-Mai Mahiu road to construct public toilets. According to the department of health, the open defecation was one of the leading causes in the increase in the number of typhoid and diarrhoea cases in the county.
This emerged during celebrations in Longonot Primary school in Naivasha where Longonot was declared as the first Open Defecation Free (ODF) village in Nakuru County. According to Nakuru County director of health Dr Benedict Osore, open defecation on the highways was a major problem which needed to be addressed urgently.
He said that the county in conjunction with other partners was planning to construct public toilets along the highway which would come in handy for motorists and passengers. “The centres will also offer other services like HIV testing and counselling and the public toilets will help deal in containing cases of diarrhoea and typhoid,” he said. He said that the county was committed to eradicating communicable diseases in the next five years and was working on how to dispose pampers which had turned out to be public nuisance.
On his part, Nakuru county public health officer Samuel King’ori said that around 300 of the 1,949 villages in the county had been declared open defecation free. King’ori said the campaign aimed at sensitizing residents on proper hygiene and had seen the number of sanitation related diseases drop significantly. “So far we have trained 235 public health officers who are tasked with training residents on the use of sanitation as one way of eradication communicable diseases,” he said. “Through ODF we have been able to reduce diarrhoea and typhoid cases by 75 percent and we seek to have them eliminated in the county,” said King’ori.
The campaign which is targeting various villages in the county as one way of reducing disease burden has been funded by USAID Washplus and FHI360. During the celebrations a natural leader Pauline Nduta expressed her concern over the number of passengers defecating along the highways while traveling to their destinations. Nduta said they had formed a group of villagers who were monitoring the situation and sensitizing the passengers on the need to use latrines instead of defecating in the open. “We have seen a drop in the number of typhoid cases amongst our school going children thanks to this campaign against open defecation,” she said.
How and Why Countries are Changing to Reach Universal Access in Rural Sanitation by 2030 | SOURCE: Eddy Perez, The Water Blog, July 2014.
In this article Eddy Perez discusses how many countries have started working to achieve the goal of universal access to improved sanitation by taking steps to make the transformational changes needed to stop doing “business as usual” in their sanitation programs.
He provides several examples of what countries are doing to achieve this. One method is that governments are establishing a shared vision and strategy for rural sanitation among key government and development partner stakeholders by building on evidence from at-scale pilots that serve as policy learning laboratories.
Governments are also partnering with the private sector to increase the availability of sanitation products and services that respond to consumer preferences and their willingness and ability to pay for them and are also working to improve the adequacy of arrangements for financing the programmatic costs.
He then writes about specific sanitation progress in Indonesia, Kenya and Tanzania. In Tanzania, one of the key interventions through which the government of Tanzania is expected to achieve its sanitation vision and targets is the National Sanitation Campaign (NSC). The Ministry of Health and Social Welfare coordinates the implementation of the National Sanitation Campaign with funding from the Water Sector Development Program. There have also been efforts to further strengthen and sustain the NSC structure by establishing linkages to other sectors experts and also getting the Ministry of Health to dedicate a budget line for community sanitation. The Water Basket is the main financing mechanism for community sanitation and hygiene in Tanzania. In the Water Basket, there is a clear budget line for sanitation.
- Read the complete article on The Water Blog.