Tag Archives: faecal sludge management

5 lessons to manage fecal sludge better

5 lessons to manage fecal sludge better | Source: by Peter Hawkins & Isabell Blackett, World Bank Water Blog, July 19 2016 |

Our last blog outlined the neglect of Fecal Sludge Management (FSM) and presented new tools for diagnosing FSM challenges and pointing the way to solutions.

World Bank Document

A motorized tricycle fitted with a small tank provides desludging services in Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania. Photo credit: Kathy Eales / World Bank

In this blog, we’ll share some lessons learned from the city-specific case studies and analysis to highlight key areas which need to be addressed if the non-networked sanitation services on which so many citizens rely are to be effectively managed.

Lesson 1: Fecal sludge management must be included in national policy and legislation

On-site sanitation is often the only sanitation option for poor households, and may account for the majority of all sanitation, in many middle income and poor countries. However, the construction and servicing of on-site facilities is typically left to the unregulated informal sector.

There can even be legal barriers to developing on-site sanitation, although integrated urban water management may identify the provision of clean piped water, with systematic FSM, as a cheaper, more effective solution than city-wide sewerage access. The formal recognition and regulation of on-site sanitation and FSM is therefore critical.

Read the complete article.

Fecal sludge management is the elephant in the room, but we have developed tools to help

Fecal sludge management is the elephant in the room, but we have developed tools to help | Source: World Bank Water Blog, July 6, 2016 |

Recently developed Fecal Sludge Management tools to help address this important, but often-ignored, urban sanitation issue.

In the rapidly expanding cities of the developing world, sanitation is of ever growing importance – more people mean more exposure to fecal pollution, and therefore a greater risk to public health.  The widely accepted solution, taught to sanitary engineers worldwide, is to flush human waste into sewers which take it to large, centralized treatment facilities.

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Discharging fecal sludge in Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania

This requires expensive infrastructure, a plentiful water supply, skilled operators and a substantial and reliable stream of operating funds. This means that in most low- and middle-income country cities, the sewerage service is only available to a small and decreasing proportion of the population, as investments cannot keep up with the explosive urban growth.

Read the complete article.

Market-based Approaches to Sanitation

Market-based Approaches to Sanitation, 2016. PSI.

Market-based approaches can be applied to deliver a number of products (such as household, shared, or public toilets, using various designs and materials), services (like installation or waste removal and treatment) and forms of service delivery (free or pay-for-use).

This review focuses on models for household pit latrine construction and fecal sludge management.

Fecal Sludge Management Tools – World Bank

Fecal Sludge Management Tools – World Bank

In many cities, the emptying, conveyance, treatment and disposal of fecal sludge has largely been left to unregulated private, informal service providers. FSM_header

To address this neglected but crucial part of urban sanitation, the World Bank has developed some tools to diagnose fecal sludge management (FSM) status and to guide decision-making.

These tools don’t provide pre-defined solutions, as the many variables and stakeholders involved demand interventions specific in each city, and should be seen within the context of integrated urban water management.

Link to the FSM Tools website.

Recent reports, videos on fecal sludge management

EVENTS

4th International Faecal Sludge Management Conference (FSM4) to be Held in Chennai, India, February 2017. FSM4 will focus on innovative and practical solutions that can be scaled up, including three tracks: research, case studies, and industry & exhibition.

VIDEOS

Fecal Sludge Management in Madagascar. WASHplus, 2016. This video summarizes the WASHplus activity in Madagascar on turning “poo into profit.”

Low Cost Technologies for Faecal Sludge Management (FSM) in Kampala, Uganda: A Video. Water for People, May 2016. This holistic approach to sanitation and faecal sludge management is impacting many peoples’ lives, particularly in the slums of Kampala.

ONLINE COURSES

Introduction to Faecal Sludge Management. EAWAG, December 2015. This online video course produced by Linda Strande for the FSM e-Learning alliance (http://www.fsm-e-learning.net/) gives an introduction to faecal sludge and fecal sludge management.

Overview of Faecal Sludge Management (FSM) Technologies. EAWAG, December 2015. This online course gives an overview of the current knowledge of faecal sludge management treatment technologies and end products within the framework of technical tools that can be used for selecting and designing them.

REPORTS

Co-Composting of Solid Waste and Fecal Sludge for Nutrient and Organic Matter Recovery. International Water Management Institute, 2016. This research paper was prepared to support planners, researchers, development experts and practitioners in their work, by providing practical guidance and the latest knowledge related to co-composting of organic waste from municipal waste streams, including human excreta.

Faecal Sludge Management: WASH in Emergencies Problem Exploration Report.Humanitarian Innovation Fund, 2016. The management of excreta during an emergency in an urban context has very limited options. This report puts forward a few areas for further exploration and development.

Experiences of Developing Pit-Emptying Businesses in East Africa. Stone Family Foundation, 2015. Findings presented at the 2015 WEDC conference from Water and Sanitation for the Urban Poor, Water for People, and WaterAid, which have all tested slightly different approaches to developing pit-emptying businesses in East Africa, with a focus on business models for the manual emptying of pit latrines.

Co-Composting of Solid Waste and Fecal Sludge for Nutrient and Organic Matter Recovery. International Water Management Institute, 2016. This research paper was prepared to support planners, researchers, development experts and practitioners in their work, by providing practical guidance and the latest knowledge related to co-composting of organic waste from municipal waste streams, including human excreta.

Co-composting: New take on traditional technology for better soils and sanitation

Co-composting of solid waste and fecal sludge for nutrient and organic matter recovery, 2016. Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute (IWMI). CGIAR Research Program on Water, Land and Ecosystems (WLE).. 47p.

Authors: Cofie, Olufunke; Nikiema, Josiane; Impraim, Robert; Adamtey, N.; Paul, Johannes; Kone, D.

Biological treatment, composting, in particular, is a relatively simple, durable and inexpensive alternative for stabilizing and reducing biodegradable waste. Co-composting of different waste sources allows to enhance the compost nutrient value. In particular, integration of ‘biosolids’ from the sanitation sector as potential input material for co-composting would provide a solution for the much needed treatment of fecal sludge from on-site sanitation systems, and make use of its high nutrient content.

This research paper elaborates in detail the main parameters that govern the co-composting process as well as factors that control the production of a safe and valuable quality compost. It further explains technological options to tailor the final product to crop and farmer needs.

Bangladesh – Faecal sludge management new sanitation challenge

Bangladesh – Faecal sludge management new sanitation challenge | Source: The Daily Star, May 18 2016 |

Emphasising the need for managing the faecal sludge (human excreta) speakers at a roundtable yesterday said this sludge will pose huge threats to environment and public health if not properly managed.

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Participants at a roundtable titled “Faecal Sludge Management: Second Generation Sanitation Challenge” at The Daily Star Centre in the capital yesterday, jointly organised by the newspaper, DSK, ITN-Buet, and Practical Action. Photo: Star

The construction of thousands of pit latrines without thinking of ensuring proper hygienic separation of excreta from human contact and faecal sludge management (FSM) eventually emerged as a second generation sanitation problem for the country, they said at a programme at The Daily Star Centre in the capital.

Practical Action Bangladesh, ITN-Buet, Dushtha Shasthya Kendra (DSK) and The Daily Star jointly organised the programme.

Prof Muhammad Ashraf Ali, a teacher of Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology, gave a keynote presentation on “Faecal Sludge Management: Key Issues and the Institution and Regulatory Framework.”

He mentioned that only four million or 20 percent of the total population of Dhaka city is currently under the sewerage network coverage while the rest 156 million are covered by on-site system. “In the absence of proper pit-emptying services in the latrines, the pit-contents are often drained into the surrounding low lying areas manually posing a great risk to cleaners and public health,” he observed.

Read the complete article.