Fecal sludge management is the elephant in the room, but we have developed tools to help | Source: World Bank Water Blog, July 6, 2016 |
Recently developed Fecal Sludge Management tools to help address this important, but often-ignored, urban sanitation issue.
In the rapidly expanding cities of the developing world, sanitation is of ever growing importance – more people mean more exposure to fecal pollution, and therefore a greater risk to public health. The widely accepted solution, taught to sanitary engineers worldwide, is to flush human waste into sewers which take it to large, centralized treatment facilities.
Discharging fecal sludge in Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania
This requires expensive infrastructure, a plentiful water supply, skilled operators and a substantial and reliable stream of operating funds. This means that in most low- and middle-income country cities, the sewerage service is only available to a small and decreasing proportion of the population, as investments cannot keep up with the explosive urban growth.
Read the complete article.
Testing the Implementation Potential of Resource Recovery and Reuse Business Models, 2016. CGIAR.
In many developing countries, the sanitation sector is highly subsidized by public sector agencies which has resulted in inadequate and inequitable provision of waste management services. The historical reliance on public sector provision has partly prevented the development of markets in sanitation services, including resource recovery and reuse (RRR).
A paradigm shift in the sanitation sector towards cost recovery is increasingly being supported by many donors pushing for private sector participation and waste-to-wealth programs. This development advocates for a shift from waste ‘treatment for disposal’ to ‘treatment for reuse’ as the latter offers options for business development and cost recovery for the sanitation sector.
Although the potential benefits from waste reuse are apparent, it is becoming increasingly important that potential investors are given sound information on its feasibility and positive return on investments (RoI) be they in monetary or non-monetary (e.g., social or environmental) terms. This guideline presents a detailed methodological framework that can be used for the feasibility assessment of RRR business models in the context of developing countries.
Its purpose is to support public and private sectors as well as investors in determining the potential viability of RRR in a particular location and context. The guideline was developed in the context of four cities (Lima, Bangalore, Kampala and Hanoi) and later in other cities in Ghana and Sri Lanka, which can all be considered as relatively data scarce environments; this influenced data gathering and the eventually suggested methodology.
Fecal Sludge Management Tools – World Bank
In many cities, the emptying, conveyance, treatment and disposal of fecal sludge has largely been left to unregulated private, informal service providers.
To address this neglected but crucial part of urban sanitation, the World Bank has developed some tools to diagnose fecal sludge management (FSM) status and to guide decision-making.
These tools don’t provide pre-defined solutions, as the many variables and stakeholders involved demand interventions specific in each city, and should be seen within the context of integrated urban water management.
Link to the FSM Tools website.
Approaches to Capital Financing and Cost Recovery in Sewerage Schemes Implemented in India: Lessons Learned and Approaches for Future Schemes, 2016. Water and Sanitation Program.
This report aims to highlight some of the successful financial management practices adopted by Urban Local Bodies (ULBs) in India when implementing sewerage schemes. The findings are presented in two parts – the first part of the report discusses the approach adopted for capital financing of sewerage schemes in the state of Tamil Nadu, and the second part presents the findings from a review of the operational expenditure and revenue generation of various ULBs across the country.
The aim of the report is to share successful capital financing and cost recovery practices adopted by ULBs in India and enable improvement in provisioning of sewerage systems (only where feasible and economically viable, typically only in larger towns with a population greater than 50,000) and ensure availability of sufficient funds for proper Operation and Maintenance (O&M) of the schemes implemented.
What is Public Finance for WASH?
It’s a research and advocacy initiative around domestic public finance for water and sanitation. We believe (and it’s supported by the evidence) that universal water and sanitation is fundamentally dependent on well-functioning domestic taxation systems.
We believe that key actors (governments, donors, NGOs) need to ensure that aid funds are delivered in ways which support the development of equitable domestic public finance systems. And we believe that market-driven solutions need to be enabled by careful investment of public finance.
Who are we?
Public Finance for WASH was set up in late 2014 by a group of individuals from Water & Sanitation for the Urban Poor (WSUP) and IRC. Lead individuals in each organisation are Guy Norman and Catarina Fonseca. Public Finance for WASH operates as a collaboration between the two partner organisations, not as a separate legal entity. The current Coordinator of the initiative is Rosie Renouf, based out of the WSUP London office.
Why this website?
This website aims to provide information and provoke debate around domestic public finance for WASH. Here you will find short publications (Finance Briefs) produced by us. You will also find useful open-access publications produced by other organisations, plus news and blogs about domestic public finance in the WASH sector. Finally, you’ll also find links to some key related initiatives, including Sanitation and Water for All (SWA) and WASHwatch.org. Any suggestions, get in touch!