Recent WASH research

OPEN ACCESS

The science behind One Health: at the interface of humans, animals, and the environment. Annals NY Academy of Sciences, May 15, 2017.

According to the One Health Commission, nearly 75% of emerging human infectious diseases in the past three decades originated in animals. Poor environmental health brought on by contamination, pollution, and degradation of air, water, and land creates disturbances that foment cross-species infectious disease transmission, as well as noninfectious disease spread across entire populations of humans and animals.

The threat of antimicrobial resistance in developing countries: causes and control strategies. Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control, May 15, 2017.

Apart from the irrational use of antimicrobials, unique environmental conditions such as crowding and poor sanitation also contribute in the circulation and spread of resistant microorganisms.

Sustainability of community-led total sanitation outcomes: Evidence from Ethiopia and Ghana. International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health, May 2017.

This study provides new evidence that CLTS outcomes can be sustained in the presence of training provided to local actors, and strengthens previous recommendations that CLTS is not appropriate in all settings and should be combined with efforts to address barriers households face to building higher quality latrines.

Assessing patterns and determinants of latrine use in rural settings: A longitudinal study in Odisha, India. International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health, May 2017.

Results highlight the low and inconsistent use of subsidized latrines built under the TSC in rural Odisha. This study identifies individual and household levels factors that may be used to target behavior change campaigns to drive consistent use of sanitation facilities by all.

Processes and challenges of community mobilisation for latrine promotion under Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan in rural Odisha, India. BMC Public Health, May 16, 2017.

Agencies or organizations implementing sanitation campaigns and conducting sanitation promotions need to enhance their staff’s knowledge and build capacity in order to address important social heterogeneity within villages.

FROM PILOT PROJECT TO EMERGING SANITATION SERVICE. WSUP, May 2017.

This Brief looks at lessons learned by a local small and medium sized enterprise which operates a new fecal sludge emptying service – SWEEP.

ABSTRACT/ORDER

Predictors of drinking water boiling and bottled water consumption in rural China: A hierarchical modeling approach. Environ. Sci. Technol, May 20, 2017.

Our findings show that boiling is not an undifferentiated practice, but one with different methods of varying effectiveness, environmental impact, and adoption across socioeconomic strata.

Environmentally sustainable WASH? Current discourse, planetary boundaries and future directions. Jnl of WASH for Development, March 2017.

This paper reviews recent literature at the intersection of WASH and environmental sustainability to identify current themes and future directions. Findings point to both opportunities and gaps within current sector thinking, which can drive leadership from knowledge and research institutions towards better integration of access and environmental sustainability imperatives.

RECENT NEWS

John Oldfield- Water Is Global (In)Security. Forbes, May 23, 2017.

Agencies Launch Water Monitoring Tools and Processes for SDG 6 Reporting. IISD, May 23, 2017.

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