Progress on Drinking-water and Sanitation: Special Focus on Sanitation (pdf, 17MB) is now on the WHO Water Sanitation Health website and will also soon be on the UNICEF/WHO Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP) website at: http://www.wssinfo.org/.
This report introduces a new way of assessing global, regional and country progress using the “ladder” concept for both sanitation and drinking-water. For sanitation, trends in using improved, shared, and unimproved sanitation facilities are shown, in addition to the trend in open defecation. The drinking-water ladder shows the percentage of global population using piped connections into a dwelling, plot or yard; other improved water sources; and unimproved sources. The intention is to continue refining the “ladders” in future reports.
Table of Contents
3 The purpose of this report
4 2008: International Year of Sanitation
6 An new way to look at sanitation practices: the sanitation ladder
8 Progress towards the sanitation target
10 Urban-rural disparities in sanitation coverage
12 Improved sanitation
14 Shared sanitation
16 Unimproved sanitation facilities
18 Open defecation
20 A different perspective on progress.
22 The drinking water ladder
24 Progress towards the drinking water target
26 Urban-rural disparities in drinking water coverage
28 Piped water on premises
29 Other improved sources of drinking water
30 Unimproved sources of drinking water
32 A different perspective on progress
33 Expanding data collection
38 JMP methodology
41 Country, regional and global estimates on water and sanitation
54 Millennium Development Goals: regional groupings